The type of saltwater aquarium setup you choose depends on a
few factors. For example, the kinds of species you want to stock, the space you have available, and your budget.
In general, you will want to buy the biggest saltwater aquarium setup you can afford that will fit nicely into
your living environment.
This is so that your fish and other animals can have the most
comfort possible as they grow. The fish and other invertebrates that you choose to stock your tank with need
enough space to swim and grow in and enough oxygen to survive. When you choose a saltwater aquarium setup,
remember that these two factors are determined mainly by the size of the tank.
So, let’s talk about the oxygen component of a saltwater
aquarium setup. The amount of oxygen in the water is related to the tanks surface area. This means the amount of
area on the tank’s surface that is exposed to the air. The greater the surface area of your saltwater aquarium
setup, the more room there is for exchange of oxygen to happen at the surface.
The more oxygen that is allowed to enter the tank and the
more harmful gases like carbon dioxide are allowed to leave, the healthier your saltwater aquarium setup will
be. The oxygen content of the water is also influenced by its temperature. In general, the warmer the water, the
lower the oxygen content will be.
Most marine species from the tropics like water that is 75
degrees or higher so this means that less oxygen is going to be available to them. This is when it becomes
important to increase the surface of the tank by making sure your saltwater aquarium setup is as large as
There is no typical saltwater aquarium setup. Marine tanks
come in a variety of shapes and size, but it is the shape of the tank, not its volume that influences surface
area. This means that even where two tanks have identical volumes, they might not have the same surface area
depending on their shape. A saltwater aquarium setup that is tall and slender won’t get a good rate of gas
exchange. An ideal design would be one that is short and wide.
Once you’ve chosen your tank it’s time to start thinking
about its residents. Of course, the size of your tank is going to dictate how many fish and invertebrates it can
house. The main thing to avoid in your saltwater aquarium setup is overcrowding. Too many inhabitants and your
tank’s filtration system will be overloaded. Fish living in cramped conditions become stressed and this can lead
to illness and death.
You can calculate how many fish your saltwater aquarium setup
will hold by stocking one inch of fish per four gallons of water for a period of six months. After this period
increase the number of fish slowly to one inch per two gallons. This means that a 40-gallon aquarium should not
contain more than 10 inches of fish for the first six months.
So, for example, you might choose one 3-inch queen angel, two
1-inch clownfish, one 2-inch regal tang, one 1-inch bicolour blenny and two 1-inch Beau Gregory’s. Once the
six-month period is over you could increase the total number of inches in your saltwater aquarium setup to
Of course, your fish are going to grow so you have to adjust
for the changing sizes of your fish. The shape of your fish is also important. If your fish are likely to be on
the heavy side you will need to stick to the low end of the capacity of your saltwater aquarium
A saltwater aquarium setup will cost you time and money so
accept this and don’t skimp. Even if you devote considerable time and effort to a small tank you can still
encounter problems. If you choose the wrong one initially you will probably end up having to buy another one and
this may be discouraging. In short, if you don’t have the money to buy a tank that’s at least 30 gallons, don’t
invest any money at all.
When you choose a saltwater aquarium setup there are many
options. You can choose from glass and acrylic and you can even get reef-ready styles complete with pre-drilled
holes for equipment and plumbing. Glass tanks sealed with silicon rubber cement are a common choice. Rectangle
designs are popular but they are also found in octagon and hexagon. They are non-toxic and don’t scratch
The downside to a glass saltwater aquarium setup is that they
are heavy. This means that large tanks will have very thick glass. Try to find one with a plastic frame that
will make the tank more stable. Plated glass is shatterproof but not as strong as tempered.
An acrylic saltwater aquarium setup is moulded with few seams
so they are more transparent. However, your view may still be distorted at the corners. Acrylic tanks are not as
heavy as glass and so come in a wider variety of shapes and sizes. Acrylic is also stronger than glass. On the
downside acrylic tanks can get scratched and are more expensive than glass. They are easily scratched by algae
scrapers and decorations. It is possible to buff these marks out with a special kit.
Whichever saltwater aquarium setup you choose make sure it
provides a healthy environment for your fish. You also need to make sure that you can afford to maintain it
properly and that it suits your lifestyle and available time. Once you have everything set up correctly you will
be able to enjoy the colourful antics and shapes of your fishy friends, corals and other