Important Things to Consider while breeding Discus
As a pet lover or hobbyist, you know that having a
discus fish in your aquarium can really add beauty to your home. They are one of the most beautiful
freshwater fishes to own and they are also eye-catching.
If you love discus fish, you may have considered
breeding them at one point of owning them. Aside from the fact that you will be able to increase the
population of beautiful and colourful discus fish in your aquarium, they can also be a source of extra income
as you can sell the juvenile discus fish.
However, before you actually consider breeding
your discus fish, you need to remember that breeding them can be a challenge. When it comes to breeding
discus fish, there are several things that you need to keep in mind in order for you to successfully breed
discus fish in your aquarium.
Also, it is very important to be familiar with the
behaviour of the discus fish especially when they are mating or starting to breed.
The first thing that you have to consider is the
fish tank. You need to make sure that you have the right fish tank for breeding discus fish. A 20 gallon fish
tank is great for breeding as this will give you enough space for both the mating pairs to swim around and
breed. 20 gallon fish tanks are perfect for 2 pairs of discus fish. But, if you are planning to breed several
pairs, a larger fish tank may be needed.
You also have to keep in mind that discus fish are
social animals. They live in groups in their natural habitat, which is why you need to have at least 2 or 3
pairs of breeding discus fish in the breeding tank.
As for the tank itself, you have to keep it clean
and simple. Never overcrowd the fish tank with ornaments. A few plants and rocks will do as it will serve as
places for them to hide. Also, you should remember to provide an area for them to lay their eggs on. This can
be a slate or a vertical structure where discus fish are known to lay their eggs in. Do buy a big tank if
your existing aquarium is small. For a pair of discus fish, a 27 gallon tank will suffice, but if you have
more pairs, then you should get a bigger one, 75 gallons will do the trick for 3 to 4 pairs of discus
Do give your discus fish an area in the tank for
them to spawn. Discus fish lay their eggs in a flat vertical surface area at the bottom of the tank. Some use
certain plants while some say that an overturned pot will do.
The water temperature, acidity, and hardness
should be stable enough and it should mimic the water in a discus fish’s natural environment. You should also
keep the water clean. So, try to change 50 percent of the water at least once a week and make sure that
whenever you feed your discus fish, you need to clean or remove uneaten fish food.
When breeding is successful, the fry should be
separated from the adults in order to avoid letting them get infected by parasites from the adults. Also, you
have to remember that juvenile discus fish needs proper nutrition in order for them to grow up
Do vary the diet of your discus fish. When your
fish are breeding, a varied diet is important to boost their reproductive system upping their chances of
spawning. Aside from the pellets and granules, you can also feed the breeders bloodworms and brine, fresh or
frozen as discus fish are carnivorous fishes.
Do keep their habitat liveable. This means
maintaining the temperature and the pH level of their water. Discus fish tend to get stressed when the water
experiences an abrupt change or if it’s dirty.
Don’t allow your tank water to get dirty and
filled with food debris at the bottom. Any debris left can cause bacteria to develop and make your fish ill.
This then will hamper the breeding process.
Your discus fish should not be overfed. Just give
them the recommended amount of food. Adult discus fish should only be fed twice a day.
Don’t be in a rush. Be patient. Breeding fishes
doesn’t happen overnight, just keep on trying.